Chapter 4: Truck Shipping from China to Vietnam
Now it’s time to focus on how you will ship from China to Vietnam.
In this chapter and the subsequent ones, I will take you through different ways of shipping from China to Vietnam.
Now, let me introduce you to truck shipping from China to Vietnam.
It is available if you want to ship your cargo from Yunnan Province to Vietnam.
But what is truck shipping?
This type of shipping involves transporting your cargo in specialized trucks via road.
Truck shipping from China to Vietnam is flexible.
This is one of the main advantages.
Take for example; you can ship to very small towns that do not have access to airport, ocean or railway lines.
With this, Panda we can provide door to door shipping from China to Vietnam.
That is, you can access interior places within Vietnam.
And guess what?
This will be advantageous to you – truck shipping from China to Vietnam, cost-effective, convenient and reliable.
The process here is quite simple.
A truck carrying an empty container will arrive at your supplier for loading.
Depending on your contract agreement with your forwarder, they will load and secure your cargo ready for shipping.
You will ship your cargo to the destination via road.
At the entry point of the border, the customs will inspect the cargo while your forwarding agent clears with them.
After clearance, your cargo will be shipped to your destination still via road.
With truck shipping, you don’t have to worry about the type of cargo you want to ship.
This is because there are specialized trucks that will handle your cargo.
For instance, with refrigerated products, you have reefer trucks to handle your cargo.
Reefer container – Image source: Direct Industry
Reefer trucks are designed to keep your perishable cargo in a temperature that will maintain their condition.
This helps in your cargo arriving without spoiling.
Another type of truck available is the Flatbed & Heavy Haul Trucks.
These are designed to ship heavy and over-sized cargo.
Such cargo’s include heavy machinery, vehicles, and industrial equipment.
Another thing that you should keep in mind is that no matter the size of your cargo, truck shipping will handle it.
This is due to the availability of LTL (less than truck loading) and TL (truckload) options.
LCL carrier is where a truck generally combines freight from several customers in to fill a trailer.
On the other hand, TL carrier is where a trailer transports cargo belonging to one customer.
Truck freight from China to Vietnam
I know you are about to ask yourself so what are the charges involved.
Some factors determine truck shipping charges such as:
- Weight of the cargo
- Type of cargo you’re shipping
When it comes to LTL, the freight class determines the rates.
Additional services such as delivery appointment and lift gate services attract additional charges.
Truckload charges are determined by the amount per mile that may include fuel surcharge.
Additional charges may apply for services like driver assistance.
Charges for flatbed depend on the equipment, total weight of the shipment and the mileage. Additional charges apply if there is an oversize cargo on-board.
It will also affect the transit time.
So what are some of the factors that you will have to consider before choosing to ship your cargo from China to Vietnam?
Here are some of these factors that you will consider.
· What is the urgency of your cargo?
Truck shipping is slower to air shipping, but faster than ocean shipping.
However, the cost of shipping via truck is relatively cheaper as compared to that of air.
So if you are in urgent need of your cargo and you don’t have enough finance, then truck shipping is the best option for you.
· Type of cargo
You need to evaluate the type of cargo that you are shipping.
If it is an expensive cargo like, let’s say diamond or gold, then truck shipping is not the best option for you.
However, if you are shipping goods that are not expensive, then you can use truck shipping.
The best thing about truck shipping is that you can even ship hazardous cargo.
Specialized trucks exist for your needs.
· Do you need special care for your cargo?
It is a question that you should ask yourself before deciding on truck shipping.
Remember cargo’s such as vehicles need special care when shipping.
Again, you need to understand that with truck shipping, various trucks fitted with safety measures exist.
Due to the proximity between China and Vietnam, truck shipping is quite favorable.
Get in touch with us for the best rates in the market on truck shipping.
Chapter 5: Ocean Freight Shipping to Vietnam from China
Another way of shipping your cargo to Vietnam is through ocean freight.
Though considered a slow way of shipping, ocean freight is the best when it comes to voluminous cargo.
This is due to its ability to handle relatively large cargo at a lower cost.
In this chapter, I am going to take you through the major seaports available in Vietnam as well as China.
Ocean freight from China to Vietnam
I will also illustrate the sea routes that your cargo will go through as well as the transit time they will take.
Let’s read along to understand.
5.1. Main Sea Ports in China
China has many strategic seaports, allowing you to import to Vietnam.
These seaports facilitate both international and domestic trade.
The following is a list of 8 major seaports in China:
- Port of Shanghai
- Port of Shenzhen
- Port of Ningbo
- Port of Qingdao
- Port of Guangzhou
- Port of Tianjin
- Port of Dalian
- Port of Xiamen
Note that I have listed the above ports based on how busy they are starting from the busiest.
5.2. Main Sea Ports in Vietnam
Vietnam’s 3200km long coastline is home to about 49 seaports that facilitate its trade activities both domestically and internationally.
Some of these ports, however, are relatively small.
There exist 14 seaports that are relatively large.
They are the most commonly used ports when importing from China to Vietnam.
Let’s go right into this:
Situated in the city of Haiphong, HaiPhong seaport is a leading seaport in Vietnam.
It serves the northern region of Vietnam as well as the kumming-Lao-Cai-Hanoi-Haiphing corridor.
Its proximity to the capital city of Vietnam makes it an ideal port if you want to ship your goods to the Hanoi or its vicinity.
Tang Cang container terminal located at the port has the most advanced facilities that handle containers.
These include quayside crane, portal crane, and rubber tyred gantry.
It consists of 5 wharfs with a total length of 980m which are all used to handle containers.
Also to note is that it has a warehouse area around 52,000 square meters.
The port can handle 10million cargos annually.
Construction is currently underway that will see the port renaming to the LachHuyen seaport.
It will constitute of an island linked to the mainland by a bridge.
In addition to this, it will have three container terminals and a bulk terminal.
The new port will be able to handle up to 40,000DWT.
With these facts, you don’t have to be afraid of importing to Vietnam from China – the HaiPhong Seaport will serve you.
Vung Tau seaport is the largest seaport in the southeastern region of Vietnam.
It consists of four wharfs namely:
- CaiMep- ThiVai port which is the main port when it comes to container handling. Before 2015, it had a capacity of handling ships up to 50,000 DWT.
However, after 2015, there has been an upgrade at this wharf that has enabled the port to handle ships up to 100,000 DWT.
- Port of Phu My is a general port that can handle up to 30,000. Plans are underway by the government to increase the capacity to 1000, 000DWT.
The other wharfs are Port of Dinh River, which is capable of handling up to 20,000DWT.
Not forgetting Port of Ben Dam, which is situated in Con Dao Island.
This seaport is located in HaiCang along the eastern part of QuyNhon city and is operated by QuhNohn port handling limited.
It can handle between 30,000DWT and 50,000DWT ships making it a major port in BinhDinh province.
It is ideally situated near the international sea route, making it a convenient gateway to the east sea.
If you are planning on using this port, you don’t need to worry about the size of your cargo.
This is because it can handle various types of cargoes.
This includes bulk cargo, over length cargo and overweight containers.
This port best serves the area of GiaLai and Kon Tum, Laos and Cambodia not forgetting the BinhDinh province.
However, if you are planning to ship to interior areas, you don’t have to worry.
This is because the port connects to most major highways.
Your cargo will be offered a variety of services while at the port.
It includes cargo handling, tug boat,and warehousing.
Located along the Han River on the South China Sea is the Da Nang port.
The port is the third largest port in Vietnam.
Its location at one end of the east-west economic corridor makes it an important port of the connection.
It connects Vietnam with Burma, Laos, and Thailand.
Da Nang Port
The port covers an area of 299,256 square meters and consists of two terminals and a freight warehouse.
The warehouse covers an area of 314,350 square ft.
It can handle over 2.7 million TEUs.
It is the second largest seaport in Vietnam.
This port consists of a group of ports located in Ho Chi Minh City.
As of 2012, the port could handle 3.5 million TEUs annually.
It has increased its activities to become one of the busiest ports in the world.
Other ports that serve Vietnam include:
- Cua lo port has facilities that can handle import shipments for regions based in the Northcentral It includes the province of NgheAn and its surroundings.
- Dung Quat international port whose location has enabled it to attract investment for the Dung Quat economic zone.
- Chan May port which is the main gateway to East Asia. It connects Myanmar as well as Vietnam
5.3. Sea routes from China to Vietnam
Let me now explain to you the sea routes that your cargo will pass through.
Also, I will show you how long it will take for your cargo to arrive at your port of destination.
Sea route from China to Vietnam – Source: Ports.com
Let’s read along.
1. Port of Shanghai in China to the port of HaiPhong in Vietnam
Covering a distance of 1548nm, your cargo will start its shipment at the port of Shanghai in China.
It will proceed to the East China Sea heading to Hangzhou Bay.
From here, it will pass through the Taiwan Strait before joining the South China Sea.
Finally, your shipment will arrive at the port of HaiPhong through the Gulf of Tonkin.
Your shipment will take ten days before it arrives at the port of HaiPhong.
2. Port of Shanghai to Port of Godau
If you choose this route, your shipment will take eight days covering a distance of 1997nm to arrive.
The journey will start at the port of Shanghai heading to the East China Sea before landing at Hangzhou Bay.
From here, it will proceed to Taiwan Strait then into the South China Sea before ending at Godau port in Vietnam.
3. Port of Shenzhen to the port of Interflour
This route starts its voyage at port Shenzhen in China heading to the South China Sea before arriving at port Interflour in Vietnam.
It covers a distance of 1085nm taking five days to arrive.
4. Port of Shenzhen to Port of Hai Pong
Using this route will have your cargo starting its journey from Port Shenzhen and proceeding to the South China Sea.
From there, it will move to the Gulf of Tonkin before arriving at port Hai Pong in Vietnam.
This journey will take three days and covers a distance of 636nm.
5. Port of Guangzhou to port Saigon
Shipping using this route will take five days for your shipment to arrive.
The journey starts at the port of Guangzhou before heading to the South China Sea.
From there, it will arrive at Port Saigon covering a distance of 1093nm.
5.4. Shipping companies from China to Vietnam
Your freight forwarder will choose a reliable shipping company.
Companies that ship cargoes from China to Vietnam include:
ZIM Shipping Company
Let’s have a quick overview of the main shipping companies from China to Vietnam:
· ZIM Integrated Shipping Services
This is an Israeli owned company with headquarters in Haifa.
However, there are regional offices based in Virginia, Hamburg and Hong Kong.
ZIM was founded in 1945 and is among the top 20 shipping companies globally.
It has 80 fully operational vessels that call at 180 ports in the world.
· China Ocean Shipping Company
It is a state-owned shipping company with its headquarters in Beijing.
It has a total of 114 ships.
China Ocean Shipping Company is the fourth largest chipping company regarding the number of container ships.
It had the largest dry bulk carrier in China and considered among the largest dry bulk carriers in the world.
· APL Shipping Company
APL operates a fleet of 153 container ships with its headquarters in the USA.
With an established presence in Vietnam dating back to 1946, it has offices across Vietnam.
This includes offices in HaiPhong, Ha Noi, and Ho Chi Minh City.
It is the world third largest container shipping company in the world.
· Pacific International Line
Founded in 1967, PIL has grown to be among the top 10 shipping companies.
It has a total of 160 vessels with a capacity of 447,000TEUs.
Its headquarters is in Singapore
· MSC shipping Company
It is the world’s fourth-largest shipping company in the world; the MSC shipping company operates 471 vessels.
These vessels have a capacity of 2,435,000TEUs.
Founded in Italy in 1947, it has its headquarters in Geneva.
In a nutshell, these are the main facts you need to know about ocean freight from China to Vietnam.