Chapter 3: How to Ship from China to Italy
One of the major concern that you will face as an importer is finding ways in which your cargo will be shipped safely from China to Italy.
While there are a variety of methods that you can use, some may not be able to fit your needs.
Not only that, you need to factor in the resources you have as well as the destination of your shipping.
In this chapter, I am going to narrow the choices for you to help you make an informed decision.
3.1. Ocean Freight from China to Italy
Ocean freight is best suited if you are shipping bulk cargo.
This is due to the large shipping space that it offers.
Also if you are not in a hurry with your shipment, the ocean freight is the best option for you.
With an allowance of a couple of days to months, ocean freight is a bit slower which can work to your advantage.
Shipping to Italy
However, the secret of ocean freight is in its shipping cost.
It is relatively cheaper when you are using ocean freight as compared to other shipping methods.
With this in mind, you might be asking which seaports are available in Italy as well as sea routes for your cargo.
That is what this section is all about.
Keep reading to understand.
· Sea Ports in Italy
There are a variety of seaports in Italy that you can choose for the shipment of your cargo.
They include the following seaports.
Main ports in Italy
· Port of Pescara
This port lies on the Adriatic Sea close to the mouth of River Pescara.
It is in the city of Pescara.
The annual cargo turnover for the port stood at 40.071 metric tons as of 2010.
This comprised of petrol, diesel, tanks, metals, and cars.
· Port of Augusta
You can locate this port in Sicily Island between the Ionian Sea and the Gulf of Augusta.
You can access the seaport via two bridges that link it to the main island.
In 2017, the port was able to handle 33.041 million tons of cargo.
You can ship inorganic fertilizer as well as oil and oil products through this port.
· Port of Bari
You can locate this port in the southeast of Italy in the city of Bari.
It is among the largest ports in the Adriatic.
The port of Bari is a multipurpose port fitted with modern equipment to handle its cargoes.
· Port of Brindisi
The location of this port in Brindisi on the Adriatic Sea allows for the industrial shipping of goods.
· Port of La Spezia
You can locate this port in La Spezia, Liguria, Italy in the northernmost part of the Gulf of La Spezia.
It is among the largest commercial ports in the Ligurian Sea.
You can conveniently ship your container via this port since it has equipment that is specialized to handle containers.
The port handled a total of 15,700,000 tons in 2014.
Sea Routes from China to Italy
While shipping, you may want to know which routes your cargo will pass through.
Let me take you through some of these routes.
Sea route from China to Italy – Source: Ports.com
· Beijing Harbor to Porto Catania
This route begins in Beijing harbor passing the China Sea heading to the Arabian Sea and into the Gulf of Aden.
From there, it heads to the Suez Canal through the Red Sea and into the Mediterranean Sea.
You cargo arrive at Port Catania after passing through the Ionian Sea.
This voyage takes 35 days covering 8275nm.
· Beijing harbor to port La Spezia
Starting from Beijing harbor, this route heads to the Bay of Bengal and into the Red Sea through the Gulf of Suez.
It heads to the Nile River via the Suez Canal and into the Mediterranean Sea.
From there, your cargo arrives at the port of La Spezia after passing through the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Your cargo will take 37 days to arrive in Italy after covering a distance of 8868nm.
·Beijing harbor to Port of Brindisi
Your cargo will take 35 days to arrive in Italy from China using this route.
It will depart from Beijing harbor heading to the Bay of Bengal through the Andaman Sea.
From here, it heads to the Red Sea through the Gulf of Aden and into the Nile River.
It then heads to the Adriatic Sea through the Mediterranean Sea and finally to the port of Brindisi.
This journey covers a distance of 8342nm.
· Shipping Companies from China to Italy
Below are some of the most popular shipping companies you may consider when importing from China to Italy.
ZIM shipping company
· Zim Integrated Shipping Services
Zim integrated shipping services specialize in container shipping and refrigerated cargo.
Zim integrated shipping services have a total capacity of 344,460 TEU’s.
It 80 ships in its fleet.
With its headquarters are in Israel, the company has 73 years of experience.
· Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha( NYK Line)
The port began operating in 1885 with its headquarters in Japan.
The company has a cargo capacity of 500,359 TUE’s.
With this company, you can conveniently ship dry bulk, liquid cargo and cargo that require RORO services.
· Hyundai Merchant Marine (HMM)
The company started operating in 1976 with its headquarters in South Korea.
The company has a cargo handling capacity of 395,477 TEUs.
They have a total of 130 state of the art vessels.
· Hanjin Shipping
Hanjin shipping company started operation in 1977 with its headquarters in Seoul, South Korea.
It has a cargo carry capacity of 621,243 TEUs.
You can conveniently ship through this company bulk and container cargo which are a specialty of the company.
3.2. Air Freight from China to Italy
When you want a quick shipment, then air freight should be your preferred method of shipping.
Now, this is a method you would prefer if you want to grow your import business.
The reason is that you will always be in a position to supply the needs of your customers.
You can also use this method when you want to ship valuable items like gold.
However, you will have to pay more as compared to ocean and rail shipping and also there is a limited amount of goods you can import.
Let’s have a look at what entails air freight when it comes to shipping from China to Italy.
· International Airports in Italy
Italy’s airports that your cargo is likely to pass through include:
Main airports in Italy
· Venice Marco Polo Airport
Thie location of this airport is on the northern side of the city of Tessera in Venice.
It is best situated if you are importing to Venice, Tessera,Mestre regions and their surroundings.
It is good to note the cargo statistics of the port in 2017 stood at a total of 60,853,800 metric tons of cargo.
You can access the airport by rail and road.
By rail from the Venice railway station and by road from the Piazzale bus terminal.
These stations connect the airport to other parts of Italy such as Roma, Lido, andMurano, Mestre, Treviso, and Padua.
· Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport
Located in Flumicino, this is the major airport in Italy.
The airport covers an area of 29 square kilometers.
You can ship through this airport if you are in Rome, Flumicino,and their surroundings.
However, if you can still ship through the airport if you are further away from these towns,
This is due to its integrated transport system that has the town connected by rail and road.
By rail, the airport is accessible from the Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station.
You can locate this at the airport’s terminal.
By road, you can access the airport through the six-lane motorway that connects it to Rome city center.
· Milan–Malpensa Airport
Located in the Milan metropolitan area north of Italy
Best suited if you are importing to Lombardy, Piedmont and Liguria, Canton Ticino and their environs.
You can access this airport by road through a four-lane motorway that links Milan at A8 and Switzerland.
Also via a five-lane motorway to A4 which connects to towns like Torino, Verona, Venice, and Trieste.
Other roads that connect to the airport include Local access to the airport State Road SS336dir from Magenta and by the State Road SS336 from Gallarate.
Another way of accessing this airport is through the rail.
This is possible through the Malpensa Express trains.
They operate from Terminal 2 and Terminal 1 stations to Milan Cadorna station in the south-west of central Milan.
Also, the Milan Central station connects the airport to Milan Porta Garibaldi and Saronno.
· Orio al Serio International Airport
You can locate this airport in the municipality of Orio al Serio that is southeast of Bergamo in Italy.
Cargo statistics at this airport stood at 117,765 million tons in 2016.
You can easily import through this airport to areas such as Orio al Serio, Bergamo, Milan and their environs.
The well-integrated transport network enables you to ship further to Italy.
This is possible through a road that connects the airport to A4.
You can also access the airport through Bergamo railway station located 5.6 km.
· Cargo airlines from China to Italy
Let’s have a look at some of the airlines that you can consider for shipping your cargo from China to Italy.
· China Cargo Airlines
China Cargo Airlines has its headquarters in Shanghai, the People’s Republic of China.
With its base is at Hongqiao International airport, the airline started operating in 1998.
It has eight fleets dedicated to shipping your cargo.
· Cargolux Italia
Operations for Cargolux Italia commenced in 2009 with its headquarters in Vizzola Ticino, Italy,
The airline has its base in Milan-Malpensa Airport and serves the cities of Hong Kong and Zhengzhou in China.
This airline has a fleet of 4 cargo airlines to enable you to ship your cargo from China to Italy.
· China Postal Airlines
China postal airline started operations in 1997 with its headquarters in Haidian District, Beijing, China.
You can locate this airline at its base in Nanjing Lukou International Airport.
With a total of 25 cargo airlines, you don’t have to worry about shipping using this airline.
· China Southern Airlines
This airline was formed in 1988 and has its headquarters in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province China.
You can locate this airline at its base at Beijing Capital and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. It has a total fleet size of 567 planes.
· Air china limited
A flag carrier for China, Air China limited started operations in the year 1988.
It has a total of 400 aircraft’s and handles its cargo through Air China cargo.
The airline has its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing, China with its base at Beijing Tianzhu Airport.
Among the aircrafts include the Boeing 747-400F, Boeing 757-200PCF, and Boeing 777F
3.3 Rail freight from China to Italy
Rail freight provides a middle ground from to the conventional air and ocean freight.
It is cheaper compared to air freight and faster than ocean freight.
Coupled with the ability to handle bulk cargoes, you can pick this method to ship your cargo.
Let’s see what route your cargo will pass through using this mode of shipment.
· Chengdu- Mortara Route
This route connects the southwest China’s Sichuan province capital of Chengdu to the town of Mortara in northern Italy.
Using this route will take 18-22 days for your cargo to arrive from China.