Choosing the Best Method of Shipping from China to the Netherlands
Shipping from China to the Netherlands has never been this easy in the past in comparison to the present.
A lot of advancements have been seen in the last century making things easy to move and operate.
It is in line with the numerous methods that are available for the transportation of goods between China and the Netherlands.
There are three main modes of shipping cargo from China to the Netherlands from which you can choose.
- Shipping by sea on different types of vessels depending on the size and type of cargo.
- Shipping on air freight on cargo planes and passenger planes depending on the size of cargo.
- Shipping by railroads using trains especially for the heavy containers.
1) Express Shipping from China to the Netherlands
After talking about transit time and mentioning that you can transport your goods by air under five days.
You are now in a position to understand one of the modes of shipping through the air known as express shipping.
This is the fastest mode of transporting cargo from China to the Netherlands, and it involves door to door deliveries too.
The type of cargo to transport through express shipments are those that need to get to the client in time.
They are often very time sensitive and may perish if there are any delays along the way such as flowers.
Apart from that, express shipping will take care of smaller cargo too such as parcels containing electronics among other things.
Many companies specialize in the delivery of cargo through express shipments.
There are, however, three leading companies which operate between China and Netherlands that you may use.
These include DHL, UPS and FedEx with more details about them below.
a) DHL from China to the Netherlands
DHL is among the biggest companies in the world that specialize in express shipping between China and the Netherlands.
Due to its advancements in shipping worldwide, it has the trust of many business people who can recommend it.
The kind of equipment they have is also proof enough that they are capable of moving your cargo to the Netherlands.
DHL has a website where you can easily log in and look at the variety of services that they have to offer.
They are also open 24/7 waiting for you to contact them and speak to the next available customer care agent.
They are available and ready to help you in many services such as:
- Customs support and clearance at different airports in China and the Netherlands.
- The door to door deliveries according to the specifications on your quote.
- Shipping advice on fuel surcharges, shipping dangerous goods, packaging advice and waybill tips among others.
- Calculation tools so that you can know the rates to pay in express deliveries to the Netherlands.
Apart from the options above, they have restrictions on the type of cargo to carry on board.
You will have to be careful with certain goods as they may not be allowed on board.
With the specialized equipment, they have, be sure that your products will arrive safe and at the right time.
b) UPS from China to the Netherlands
UPS is another type of express shipping company that you will find in China to help you in shipping cargo.
They are fast and will ensure that your shipment arrives at the destination within the shortest time possible.
They have modern equipment that they can use to handle your cargo as it is on transit avoiding any damages.
The company has been in operation for a very long time, and the client base is extensive due to experience.
They offer services such as overnight shipping, same day shipping and next day shipping depending on the specifications you provide.
With the largest fleets of air flights, UPS is capable of delivering your cargo as soon as you want it.
Same day express services by UPS include delivery of both light and heavyweight cargo to the Netherlands from China.
It is possible through the air such as charter services and international air shipments depending on the cargo.
They also offer special services that the customer may need to contact them and place your different order.
Overnight deliveries are only possible through express flights from China to the Netherlands.
You can charter one of the UPS cargo planes to deliver the cargo or plan in advance for it.
They have open lines 24/7 waiting for you to make a call and specify your unique requests.
On arrival at the destination port, they have other services including door to door deliveries of cargo.
They have pick-ups, trucks, lorries, and trailers that will transport the cargo to any destination in the Netherlands.
Apart from that, they have the same services in China where they can go and pick up your goods from the seller.
c) FedEx to the Netherlands from China
FedEx is not an exception as it specializes in the transport and delivery of goods within the shortest time possible.
They have special equipment that they can use in transporting the cargo such as fleets of cargo planes.
FedEx is also capable of handling a wide variety of cargo well and deliver them as per your request.
They are also up to date with the advancements in technical know-how as they use the latest forms.
They have enough machines that will automatically scan and clear your cargo for transport.
Apart from that, they have applications that you can download on your smartphone for easy access.
Just like the other companies specializing in express deliveries, FedEx has tracking services and door to door deliveries too.
You can track your cargo as it leaves the airport in China all the way to your doorstep in the Netherlands.
They offer affordable rates for transporting the cargo and will make sure your goods reach you in time.
Also, they particular types of cargo planes available for the special cargo that you may have for transportation.
The kind of experience they have in handling cargo has given them an upper hand in customs clearance.
The staff they have are capable of assisting an attending to your needs at any time of the day.
So, in case you have unique demands regarding transport of cargo through express shipments.
Do not hesitate to contact the three companies for the best services available.
You can do all these things in the comfort of your home just by using your tablet or phone to contact them.
2) Ocean Freight from the Netherlands from China
Ocean freight is the transporting of cargo from China to the Netherlands using sea routes on cargo ships and vessels.
It is slower than the air freight, but you are sure of getting your cargo within the time that was agreed.
In many cases, the shipment comes to you in different sizes of containers depending on the number of goods.
Ocean freights are among the best modes for transporting your cargo given the rates they charge in transport.
They are also capable of carrying different types of a load of varying sizes all the way to the Netherlands from China.
There are quite many services that you can choose from when considering ocean freights as your mode of transport.
Major Sea Port in the Netherlands
Amsterdam has one major port that is very busy and handles a lot of containers at one particular time.
It is indeed the largest port you can find Europe that handles sea freights from different countries including China.
The port is known as the port of Rotterdam and is in the city of Rotterdam in the Netherlands.
It has been the busiest port in the world over time from 1962 to 2004 when it was not.
At the moment it ranks reasonably well after the busiest ports in Singapore and Shanghai in China.
It is the principal seaport that feeds not only the Netherlands but also other landlocked countries in Europe.
The harbor covers 5,257 hectors in size and has over 1100 employees to help in handling cargo.
Apart from the port of Rotterdam, Netherlands has other seaports that you can use.
The other seaports in the Netherlands are as follows:
||Location in Netherlands
|Hook of Holland
Major Sea Ports in China
After looking at the seaports in the Netherlands, it is only fair for you to know the seaports in China too.
It will help you know the seaport that is nearer to your supplier so that you can use it easily.
The main seaports or the busiest ports in China where the goods can come from include:
- Port of Shanghai
- Port of Shenzhen
- Port of Ningbo
- Port of Qingdao
- Port of Guangzhou
- Port of Tianjin
- Port of Dalian
- Port of Xiamen
These ports are among the busiest all over the world handling quite a lot of containers at a particular time.
Sea Ports in China
Besides that, China has additional ports that process a significant number of containers but not as busy.
The other ports in China that are not as busy include the Port of Hong Kong and the Port of Kaohsiung.
LCL Shipping from China to the Netherlands
LCL is an abbreviation for Less than Container Load which is a deal your freight forwarder will organize for you.
In this case, you might be having goods that cannot fit into a whole container.
The freight forwarder will earn his dues by organizing on how to transport your cargo safely in a container.
In this scenario, the freight forwarder will find other customers who have a limited amount of goods too.
He will then get one container that will be enough to fit all the other goods from different people.
In the long run, the goods will fit a container, and you will share the cost of hiring that particular container.
The freight forwarder, in this case, might get a higher value for this type of arrangement than that of FCL.
He might charge slightly higher per cargo and combining them will bring him better returns.
It is also dependent on the people who will be using the same route as the one you intend to use.
In the transformation of ocean freights, a lot has come up including groupage where cargo is put together in containers.
It has been a significant advantage in shipping as the load fits well when they are in containers.
This is also more cost-effective, and you will save a lot of money when you decide to share the cost of a container.
It is, however, quite risky a process as your cargo might get lost in the process of transporting.
Besides, it is also possible that your cargo might break and it will be difficult to trace the primary cause.
It is essential to have insurance for this type of shipment if your cargo is fragile.
The procedure that involves LCL shipping is quite simple depending on the type of freight forwarder you have.
In your case, you will call the freight forwarder and then give him the specifications of the cargo.
You will then let them handle the rest of the procedure including loading it on the ship after paying.
FCL Shipping from China to the Netherlands
FCL shipping is an initial for Full container Loads which means that you transport your cargo in one container.
The cargo that you have is sufficient enough to fill a whole container or maybe more than one container.
There are many containers that you can choose from depending on the size of cargo that you have.
The main types of shipping containers you can choose from while using FCL include:
- FCL 20″ (Volume: 33.2 cubic meters)
- FCL 40″ (Volume: 67.7 cubic meters)
- FCL 40″ (Volume: 76.3 cubic meters)
- FCL 45″ (Volume: 85.9 cubic meters)
It simply means that the whole container space available is for you to explore and use for your cargo.
Types of shipping containers
You will not be sharing the space with any other individual thus making your cargo safer and more secure.
The most common practice among different people using FCL is fairly filling the container as their goods cannot fill it.
The cost of FCL is, however, cheaper in comparison to the LCL because of the absence of handling fees.
Since it is not full, the cost of handling it will be low in comparison to LCL which is often full.
Most of the FCL shipments are from the door to the port, but there are other options to choose from such as:
- The door to door delivery of goods
- Port to port deliveries
- Port to door deliveries
The shipper will take responsibility for transporting cargo from the door of the supplier to the destination port.
From this point, the buyer or consignee will organize for more transport options including from the port to the door.
This will, however, vary depending on the Incoterms that you choose to show the financial obligations and responsibilities for every party.
Your ability to pack and load the cargo onto the container will help you in reducing the cost of transport.
The trailer will bring the cargo to your doorstep and allow you two hours for loading and arranging the cargo.
This process is common among companies that have done it for a while and is known as the live load.
If you are unable to do the packaging and loading on your own, there are individual companies that can do it.
They are good at packaging and making appropriate packages such as wooden boxes for transporting the cargo.
You will get such services from these companies at a fee which will, in turn, increase the cost of shipping.
Out of Gauge Shipping from China to the Netherlands
This type of transport involves the transport of cargo that has bizarre shapes or is too big to fit a container.
The cargo can either be too tall or long for a container thus the need for a particular type of transport.
Shipping companies operating China to Netherland route have special equipment for this type of cargo on their ships.
Since the cargo for OOG is not definite in size, there are unique ways with which you can have the cargo.
The vessels that you can use to transport the OOG cargo include:
- Flat rack and open top containers which are open on the sides or at the top are in use. This will act as the containers for OOG shipments as they give enough allowance for this type of cargo. You will lift the items up and into the special container and then cover it for protection from other elements.
- Winch trucks, Hiab trucks, heavy haul trucking and flatbed are other examples of cargo containers that you can exploit. This is perfect for transporting certain machines such as helicopters and refinery compressors. These unique systems are available for the transport of cargo from China to the Netherlands.
Door to Door Ocean Freight Shipping from China to the Netherlands
The door to door shipping services is a specialty of express shipping services, but other shipping companies can do it.
It is the type of shipping service where the shipping company will get the goods from the door of the supplier.
He will carry it through the see onto the destination port in the Netherlands and later to the doorstep of your warehouse.
Door to door shipping – Photo courtesy: FedEx
The shipping freight that you choose will determine the terms of engagement and door to door services may be part of it.
Generally, you will have to agree with the shipping company on the kind of services you require for your cargo.
In the process of drafting an agreement, you will include door to door services and discuss the cost thereof.
The cost of shipping from door to door is often higher than the cost of shipping from port to port.
This is because of the additional services that the company will offer including handling and transport of the cargo.
On the same breath, the cost of insurance in case of any damages have to be in the discussion.
You will agree on the party that will take responsibility in case of an accident that will damage the goods.
In most cases, the owner of the cargo will take full responsibility by paying for insurance coverage.
Besides these types of agreements, most of the agreements are available under the Incoterms of shipping.
International Shipping Companies to the Netherlands from China
Shipping companies that operate between China and Netherlands have been on the increase in the last decade.
This has been the result of growth in trade between China and the Netherlands and also through Europe.
China is a major manufacturing hub for a lot of goods and Netherlands imports some of the goods from China.
Transport of cargo between the two countries is taken care of by shipping companies based in both countries.
The major international companies that operate between these countries include:
- P. Moller -Maersk Group
- Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A (MSC)
- CMA CGM Group
- China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company (COSCO)
- Evergreen Marine
- Hamburg Sud Group
- Hanjin Shipping
- Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL)
- United Arab Shipping Company (UASC)
3) Rail freight from China to the Netherlands
Rail freight is the transport of cargo from China to the Netherlands by railroad primarily in containers.
It is one of the transportation options that came into existence recently.
It has made quite a lot of trade opportunities between China and the Netherlands possible as it gives more alternatives to shipping.
It is a cheaper mode of transporting cargo in comparison to air freights which is the fastest we know.
Talking of speed, rail freights are faster than the sea freights making the transport of commodities more reliable.
It is also one of the safest modes of transporting your cargo as the containers on the trains are well-taken care.
So, in case your supplier took too much time to prepare the goods, and the boat couldn’t wait for him.
Then you have an alternative to help you get your goods to the Netherlands even ahead of the ship.
Even though the trains might delay as it stops at various terminals, you should be glad of the security of cargo.
Train from Netherlands to China
Initially, the rail freight was serving a few countries such as Germany, but it has extended to the Netherlands and Spain.
It serves three major terminals in the Netherlands including, Tilburg, Duisburg and Hamburg as it goes through to Spain.
You are in a better position to receive your cargo at any of the terminals in the Netherlands and organize for transport.
It also serves terminals in China such as Qingdao, Tianjin, Ningbo, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Xiamen.
In case your supplier or manufacturer is close to these terminals, you are at luck to use the rail freight.
That is, in case your supplier is far, you can as well transport the cargo on trailers to these terminals.
The rates that you will receive in rail freights includes other services such as pick-up services from around the city.
The name given to this type of rating is known as the “all-in rail freight rate” meaning it is all-inclusive.
It also uses the free on board (FOB) Incoterms such as that of sea freights, and air freights.
China has recently given access to cities like Chengdu, Chongqing, Wuhan, Yiwu, Suzhou, Hefei and Zhengzhou.
The train will depart from these cities in China and take the cargo all the way to the three main terminals in the Netherlands.
From that point, your cargo and all the customs clearance procedures will be in the hands of the freight forwarder.
At the moment the rail freight is only capable of taking care of 40 ft containers, but developments are in line.
Any shipment that is smaller and cannot fit into a 40 ft container is combined under groupage containers.
At the moment, you will be able to receive LCL cargo in Hamburg and recently opening up in Rotterdam.
Railway Shipping from Yiwu to Amsterdam
Developments in rail transport have also come to a point where you can transport your cargo to Amsterdam from Yiwu.
The rail freight will pass through many terminals before reaching Amsterdam from Yiwu.
It will pass through Kazakhstan passing through Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Amerikahaven all the way to the main terminal in Amsterdam.
The route covers over eleven thousand kilometers as it goes through these countries.
The journey will take you about 16 days before you receive your cargo in Amsterdam.
It is a lot faster than the sea freight which might tale well over a month.
The freight is under the operation of “Nunner Logistics of Helmond” which expects it to carry a limited category of cargo.
The cargo you will find on the train includes alcoholic drinks, children and baby clothing, luxury textile, and car parts.
It is the container that will be going to China from Amsterdam.
On the return Journey, which is China to Amsterdam, the train will carry different commodities.
The commodities include clothing from different parts of China.
The train making this journey is about 630 meters long and carry many containers as it moves.
4) Air Freight to the Netherlands from China
Air freight is the fastest mode of transporting Cargo from China to Netherland on cargo planes or passenger planes.
The main modes of transporting cargo through air freight are either by express shipments or international shipping.
The main difference between the two services is the time.
International shipping is the mode of transporting cargo on large airplanes that will supply different countries.
It will go from one country to another dropping off cargo as it moves to a different airport.
This kind of movement is the major contributor to the loss of time and may also cause confusion and damage of goods.
Express shipment is the process by which you will transport your cargo on planes that will guarantee fast deliveries.
Some companies have taken special considerations on express shipments such as DHL, UPS and FedEx.
They guarantee the fastest deliveries such us same day deliveries and overnight deliveries among other critical services of choice.
Airlines from China to the Netherlands
The air traffic between China and Netherlands has quite many flights operating through it.
The airlines are available in different cities in China, and they fly to different destinations in the Netherlands.
The major airlines that use this route include:
- KLM Airlines
- Air China
- China Airlines
- Lufthansa Airlines
- Cathay Pacific Airlines
- Cathay Dragon Airlines
- China Southern Airlines
- YC – Logistics Airlines
- DHL Airlines
- FedEx Airlines
- Qantas Airlines
- Hongdex logistics Airlines
- Swift logistics Airlines
- Air France
You can use your freight forwarder to organize on the transport of your cargo through the airlines.
You can also try and make the booking personally even though you will pass through a long and tedious process.
This because you will have to deal with customs for clearance and also deal with the handling of the cargo.
International Airports in China
International airports register under IATA for easy identifications, representations and also for referrals.
For easy Identification, IATA has given initials for the main airports under their management including China.
The main airports in China have the following codes for easy identification:
|| Beijing Capital International Airport
||Hong Kong International Airport
||Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
||Shanghai Pudong International Airport
||Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
||Shuangliu International Airport
||Shenzhen Baoan International Airport
||Kunming Changshui International Airport
||Xi’an Xianyang International Airport
||Hangzhou Xiao Shan International Airport
International Airports in the Netherlands
The Netherlands receives a lot of cargo from China through different routes and among them is through air freights.
The country has enough airports that can handle various sizes of cargo and passenger planes.
The major international airports in the Netherlands are as follows.
- Eindhoven Airport
- Groningen Airport
- Breda International Airport
- Airport Teuge
- Texel Airport
- Terminal 1 Schiphol Airport
- Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
- Maastricht Aachen Airport
- VliegveldMidden Zeeland Airport
- Rotterdam The Hague Airport
- Den Helder Airport
- Southern Cross International Airport
- Lelystad Airport
- Avia Amsterdam Airport