Step 2: Choose a Suitable Shipping Method from China to Qatar
The second step after going through all the processes above is to decide on the shipping method.
There are two main shipping methods you can choose from including air freight or sea freight.
The kind of cargo you have will be a great determinant when choosing a suitable shipping method.
Apart from the type of cargo, the choice of shipment will also depend on:
i. Size of the cargo
ii. The time you intend to receive the cargo
iii. The cost of transporting the cargo
Let’s have a closer look at the types of shipments available before you make a choice.
Sea Freight Container Shipping from China to Qatar
Sea freight container shipping from China to Qatar will involve having the cargo come in by sea.
It is suitable for the kind of cargo that is often big in size and too heavy to be loaded on planes.
Cargo that might perish such as agricultural products is not allowed on sea freights.
Sea Routes from China to Qatar
Considering the number of ports in China and Qatar, there are a number of sea routes you can choose from.
Choose a sea route that is closer to the point where your supplier is.
It will be less costly to transport it to the seaport and will also save on a lot of time.
Sea route from China to Qatar: Image source: PORTS.COM
Besides that, look at the shortest route that you can use to transport your cargo depending on your budget.
Shipping companies have enough experience in this sector and they will be very helpful.
The main sea route from China to Qatar include:
i. The route from Port of Shanghai in China to Port of RasLaffan in Qatar. The distance between these two seaports is 6807 nautical miles.
If the ship travels at a speed of 10 knots the goods will arrive at the port of RasLaffan in 28.4 days.
ii. The route from Mawei port in China to Port of Doha in Qatar is approximately 6433 nautical miles. A ship travelling at a speed of 10 knots will arrive at the port of Doha in 26.8 days.
iii. The sea route from the port of Shanghai in China to Doha in Qatar is approximately 6814 nautical miles. In case the cargo ships move at a speed of 10 knots, it will reach Doha in 28.4 days.
iv. The route from Jiangmen port in China to the port of Doha in Qatar is approximately 5956 nautical miles. You will have your cargo in 28.4 days if the ship travels at a speed of 10 knots.
v. The sea route from Lianyungang port in China to the port of RasLaffan in Qatar is 7131 nautical miles.
Your cargo will be in Qatar after 29.7 days if the ship travels at a speed of 10 knots through the sea.
vi. The distance between the port of Qingdao in China and Port of Doha in Qatar is approximately 7166 nautical miles. In 29.9 days, you will get your cargo on the cargo ship travelling at a speed of 10 knots.
The main seaports in Qatar and China include:
Options to Consider in Sea Freight China to Qatar
There are incoterms that you will have to choose from as you ship from China to Qatar.
The main incoterms available for choice include:
a) LCL shipping from China to Qatar
As an emerging businessman, you are still in the business of importing smaller cargo that cannot fit a container.
In the real sense you need to transport your cargo in a container but purchasing a whole container will be expensive.
In this case, freight forwarders will organize a particular form of transport to help in moving your cargo.
This is the point where you will choose to use the Less than Container Load to transport your cargo.
It means that your cargo will be in one container along with other people’s cargo under the same predicament.
It is quite risky to involve your goods with others but in many cases, the goods will reach the owner.
The cost of Less than Container Loads is often lower in comparison to Full Container Loads (FCL).
The greatest risk involved is losing or damage of goods if the container doors open before you get your cargo.
Such services are also available for people seeking to transport smaller amounts of cargo from China to Qatar.
When considering to use Less than Container Load to transport your goods look at the following factors:
The packaging of the cargo should be strong enough and unique from the other cargo in the container.
It will be important in distinguishing your cargo from other cargo.
Proper packaging will also increase the safety of your goods from any form of damage.
Labelling your cargo is also very important as it will help in easy identification of cargo.
It will also allow people to understand the type of cargo they will be handling prompting better treatment.
b) FCL shipping from China to Qatar
Full Container Loads is a mode of shipping which involves purchasing a container which will bring your cargo to Qatar.
In this case, you must be having cargo that can fit into the many types of containers that are available.
It is a safe mode of transporting your cargo as nobody else has the authority of going through the cargo.
FCL vs. LCL Shipping
Full container loads come in different sizes depending on the type of goods that you need to transport.
The bigger the size of the container you chose to use the more money you will pay for the goods.
The most common types of shipping containers you can choose from include:
i. FCL 20″ (Volume: 33.2 cubic meters)
ii. FCL 40″ (Volume: 67.7 cubic meters)
iii. FCL 40″ (Volume: 76.3 cubic meters)
iv. FCL 45″ (Volume: 85.9 cubic meters)
Types of shipping container
Full Container Loads that are partially full often attract less fee in comparison to LCL shipping.
The reason being the absence of consolidation and handling fees thus reducing the cost of shipment.
In this case, you should also package your goods well to avoid any damages while on transit.
c) Roll on Roll off shipping from China to Qatar
Roll-on/Roll-off shipping also known as RORO shipping is for the vessels carrying cargo with wheels.
The kind of cargo with wheels include cars, trucks, trailers, semi-trailer trucks and railroad vehicles/cars.
You will get this kind of cargo on the ship by driving it using a platform vehicle.
Ro Ro Shipping
RORO vessels are equipped with ramps that will allow you to drive the vehicle in and also drive it out.
It is different from the Lift-On/Lift-Off (LOLO) where cargo is lifted on and lifted off the vessel by a crane.
You might see ramps on small ferries across rivers but RORO is for the larger vessels at sea.
Most of the vehicles that you will buy from China to Qatar will come in RORO vessels.
They are however slower and might take longer on the way to your destination.
Apart from that, it is often more expensive in comparison to other forms of shipping due to the type of cargo.
d) Out of Gauge shipping from China to Qatar
Out of gauge shipping is the kind of shipping which involves cargo that is too big and shapeless to fit a container.
The shipping company will surcharge you for the slots that have been lost when they transport your cargo.
It is only fair because the cargo will have taken space that another container would have been sitting on.
How Long it Takes when Shipping from China to Qatar
In most cases, ships travelling to Qatar from China will take less than a month to arrive.
The time it will take for your goods to reach the port of destination will depend on:
i. The sea route you choose to use
ii. The speed of the ship you choose
iii. The distance between the port of origin and the destination port
|PORT OF ORIGIN IN CHINA||DESTINATION PORT IN QATAR||TIME TAKEN(DAYS)
|Port of Shanghai||Port of RasLaffan||28.4 days
|Mawei Port||Port of Doha||26.8 days
|Port of Shanghai||Port of Doha||28.4 days
|Jiangmen Port||Port of Doha||24.8 days
|Port of Lianyungang||Port of RasLaffan||29.7 days
|Port of Qingdao||Port of Doha||29.9 days
The table above gives a rough estimate of the time it might take a ship to transport cargo to Qatar.
The speed is assumed at 10 knots and the distance will vary accordingly.
Benefits of Sea Freight from China to Qatar Services
Sea freights have quite a number of advantages in comparison to air freights.
The benefits include:
i. It is less costly in comparison to the cost of air freights.
ii. You will have more time to file all the documents as the cargo is on transit.
iii. Your cargo receives enough space on the ship containers reducing constraints
iv. It is more environmentally friendly as it emits fewer fumes.
v. Statistics have also proven that is the safest mode of transporting cargo.
vi. It gives a better option of transporting bulky and heavy goods.
vii. It gives you the freedom to customize the environment where your cargo will sit while on transit.
viii. Availability of cargo insurance which will ensure your goods are taken care of in case of damage or loss.
ix. It gives you the option of tracking your cargo as it moves from one point to the next.
x. It is a simple process as you will only require to hire a shipping company to take care of the rest.
Air Freight Shipping Services from China to Qatar
The second mode of shipping cargo from China to Qatar is through the air on planes.
It is the fastest known means of transporting any cargo from China to Qatar.
It is costlier to use air freights but you are sure to get your cargo at the right time.
Importers will use air freights when the size of the cargo is smaller and needs to get to the client quickly.
Over 90% of the cargo across the world depend on sea freights but for speed you have to use planes.
Air freights can be split into international air shipments and express shipments.
International air shipping is the mode of transport where different companies with cargo planes transport cargo.
The kind of cargo they carry are often larger and moves supplying cargo to different carriers.
There might as well be cargo planes that operate directly between Qatar and China delivering cargo on time.
Main airports in China
The cost of using international air freight services is often lower than that of express air freights.
This is because they are often slower than that of express flights and do not have the door to door delivery services.
The company will look at the volume of the goods, size of the cargo and the type of cargo before charging you.
They will charge you by the dimensional/volumetric weight or the actual weight depending on the one that has more charges.
It has a global rule where the volumetric weight is known by multiplying the volume of the cargo by 167.
If it is greater than the actual weight, then you will pay for the one that is higher.
Benefits of Direct Air Cargo from China to Qatar
The benefits of using direct air cargo include;
Doha International Airport
i. Speed – air freights re very fast and you are sure of getting your cargo in less than five days. The sea freight is very slow in comparison to air freights and you are to expect your cargo in a month. The time scheduled is often definite unless there are delays which is very rare.
ii. Reliability – paying more to transport your cargo comes with a certain level of security that your cargo will arrive safe and at the right time. There are very minimal stops if any and your cargo handlers will ensure that you get the best value for your money.
iii. Protection – there are very few if any incidences where air cargo planes disappear as a result of piracy. This is a problem that affects sea freights even though piracy has been on the decline in the recent past. With air freight shipping, be sure to receive your goods at the airport as soon as the plane lands.
Despite the advantage of Air freights, it also has its demerits which include:
i. The high cost of transport in comparison to other modes of transport.
ii. Air pollution as it emits a lot of CO2 in comparison to sea freights.
iii. It does not carry very heavy cargo and if they do, you will have to pay very high costs.
China Airlines Cargo
The kind of goods you will transport through air cargo are:
i. Electronics – you will transport most of your electronics on-air freights due to their nature. They are fragile and should not be in the hands of the carrier for long.
ii. Apparels – fashion is one of the things that drives human beings to do unimaginable things. Among them is transporting clothes on aeroplanes so that they reach customers fast before the trend is exhausted.
iii. Pharmaceuticals are small in size and have a high value prompting shipment by air. They are also required to reach the intended place at the right time for use. If it takes too long they may affect the shelf life thus rendering them obsolete and, in many cases, dangerous.
iv. Samples and documents which have become a speciality of express freight such as UPS, DHL and FedEx.
v. The seasonal shipment which you might need to transport due to the high demand. If you use a carrier that is too slow, you might miss out on the market.
vi. Sensitive and perishable goods which need to get to the destination at the right time before they expire.
Main Carriers for Direct Air Cargo from China to Qatar
The main carriers operating between China and Qatar are Qatar Airways, Eva Air Cargo, China Air and Lufthansa Cargo.
These are the main cargo airplanes that you can use to transport your cargo to Qatar from China.
They are very reliable and you are sure of receiving your cargo right on time.
Apart from the names mentioned above, there are other cargo flights companies that have direct flights to Qatar.
These are the companies that offer express flights and can deliver goods to your doorstep.
Continue reading and find out more about these companies and how you can get them to help you.
Major Airports in Qatar for Air Freight Shipping from China to Qatar
The airports in Qatar include:
||Al Khor Airport
||Doha International Airport
||Hamad International Airport
||Al Udeid Airbase
Express Shipping from China to Qatar
Express shipping from China to Qatar is usually a reserve of various companies such as DHL, UPS and FedEx.
It is the process by which cargo moves from China to Qatar, then the delivery man brings it to your door.
It is the most convenient mode of transporting cargo from one door to your door simply known as the door to door services.
The kind of cargo you will transport using this method is usually light and are time sensitive.
The cost of express flights is higher than other international shipping flights.
The goods will always arrive at your doorstep in less than 5 days.