Chapter 5: Methods of Shipping Chinese Products to Mexico
Your cargo needs to arrive safely to your port of destination.
No matter the mode of shipping that you choose, the safety of your cargo is paramount.
To do so, you have to pick a method of shipment that will best fit your needs.
In this section, I am going to illustrate to you the various methods available that you can choose from to ship your cargo.
Let’s read along to understand these methods
5.1. Express Courier from China to Mexico
With a courier service, you are able to ship parcels and cargo of up to 1000kgs depending on the service provider.
It is a perfect choice when shipping samples from China to Mexico.
Courier services from China to Mexico
You can also utilize it if you are importing small quantities of a product.
What I find first time importers asking about is what they can ship and not ship using a carrier service.
Well, let me take you into details about a courier service.
For starters, you need to note the vital details required before picking a courier service for your shipment.
These details include:
· Understanding the prohibited products
According to IATA, you cannot ship animal skins or ivory and ivory related products.
Also included in this list are goods like aerosol sprays, explosives, firearms and car batteries.
· Shipment of hazardous goods
These are products including household items that are dangerous to be shipped via a courier.
Normally, not many couriers will accept these products.
Those that do have safety precautions and utilizing them is expensive.
If you choose to ship via these couriers be prepared to incur the cost.
Always confirm with your forwarding agent to about goods that constitutes hazardous goods before shipping.
· Counterfeit goods
Leading airlines like DHL prohibit the shipment of counterfeit goods.
This is because selling these goods is illegal.
If you happen to ship these goods, they will be seized by the customs and you will be penalized.
The next question that you will probably ask is how then do courier service providers calculate the cost of your shipment.
The answer to this is based on the following factors:
1. Weight of the package
The weight of the package for most couriers form the basis for calculating the cost of your shipment.
As such, if you are planning to ship, maintain your cargo to the minimum weight possible.
2. The packaging size
When we are talking about the packaging size, I am referring to the protective layers that cover your cargo.
Remember, you want your cargo to arrive safely and in good condition.
This will include wrapping your cargo in a packaging material like boxes and water proof wrappers.
These materials have an effect of increasing the weight of your cargo.
As a precaution, always measure the packaging material to arrive at an appropriate size and weight.
This will save you some cost.
3. The destination of your cargo
The cargo destination will definitely have an impact on the cost of your shipment.
This is due to the following factors:
- Lift gate fees
- Inside delivery fees
- Extended area surcharge in case the cargo is to be brought to your doorstep.
- Packaging circumstances
If you are in an urgent need for your cargo, it will mean that your courier will have to work hard.
This will definitely cost more.
The courier will have to work beyond schedule to deliver your cargo.
Other factors like delivery over the weekend and over the holiday tend to increase the cost of your shipment.
5.2. LCL Shipping to Mexico
At times your cargo cannot fill a container, but still you have to ship your cargo.
As such you will need the services of a Less than Container Load.
A less than container load is where the freight forwarder arranges grouping of your cargo with those of others.
Grouping will fill a container, then shipment takes place.
For this to happen, they must be heading in the same direction as you.
When it comes to the pricing of your load, it will be based on the package measurement.
These measurements are then converted to a density figure.
This implies that whichever is higher between the weight and the measurement is picked for cost calculation.
Of importance to note is the minimum amount your cargo can be charged.
This is normally at 1cbm even if your shipment is too small.
I know you might be wondering what process is involved in LCL.
Let’s go through it for you to have a clear understanding.
You initiate the process by contacting your freight forwarder explaining to them that you need LCL services.
They will then inquire about the measurement and weight of your cargo.
Also, they will need a copy of your commercial invoice.
They will use this to create their documents.
These documents will include house bill of landing which states their rights and responsibilities for your cargo.
Another document that they will derive from the invoice is the ocean bill of landing.
Your freight forwarder will need this since they will combine your goods with others.
Remember that you will incur the cost for these documents.
After that, the forwarder will shop around for a shipper heading your way and get a fair quote for you.
Always be keen on the shipping quotation.
It will include charges such as fuel cost, ocean bill of lading fee and consolidation fee.
What you might not find is the potential destination charges which I will explain below.
Destination charges will include entry filling, customs bond, import duty and sales tax.
Also included is the tariffs which will depend on the origin and nature of your cargo.
Destination charges constitute the LCL custom charges.
It is important to have the correct information for these charges in order to get clearance with the customs.
Failure to do this will lead to penalization of your cargo.
Before I forget, always ensure your packaging material match the international shipping standard.
This will include pallets, secure wrapping and clear labelling.
Lastly, you should note that not all goods can be shipped using LCL.
Goods like vehicles are not allowed.
This is because there are other procedures that are involved which your freight forwarder cannot handle.
As such, your freight forwarder should be able to give you accurate information concerning this.
5.3. Door to Door Shipping China to Mexico
With door to door shipping, you are relieved of the burden of shipping.
This is because your freight forwarder will be responsible for your shipping requirements.
These requirements will include customs clearance, duties, and taxes.
Your freight forwarder will pick the goods from the door of your supplier and load it to a carrier.
They will also organize for transportation from the port of destination to your premises.
Door to door shipping – Source: FedEx
This will entail the use of multimodal transport.
The advantage of this is that yours is just to wait for your goods at your premises.
The flipside is that you will pay your forwarder more to cover for the extra transportation.
It is best utilized by importers who have experience shipping.
Also, those who have established suppliers can use this mode.
5.4. FCL Shipping from China to Mexico
If combining your cargo with others is not convenient for you, you can opt for a Full Cargo Loading.
This is necessary if you are shipping fragile items and items that are more than 12 pellets.
You can also utilize this if you are shipping cargo that will fit a whole container.
So what does FCL entail?
As the name suggests, this is where you have an empty container in which you only fill your cargo.
You then seal it securely ready for shipment.
The advantage is that you don’t incur risks associated with LCL like your products breaking.
What options do I have for stuffing my cargo?
You have three options for stuffing your cargo.
1. Live Load Shipping from China to Mexico
This is where your freight forwarder gives you a container and gives you a few hours to load your cargo.
This is normally 3 hours, after which you will be penalized.
2. Drop and Pack Stuffing from China to Mexico
Then there is the drop and pack stuffing.
This is much like the live load only that you are given more time.
Normally it is between 1-7 days for you to load your cargo.
For the first above, you are responsible for securing your cargo and loading it properly in the container.
3. Warehouse/terminal Handling
Lastly, we have warehouse/ terminal handling.
This is where your forwarder provides you with a warehouse.
You then deliver your goods to the warehouse.
Your forwarder will consolidate and pack the goods into the container on your behalf.
There are a number of delivery option available for FCL cargo.
Allow me to explain to them.
· Port to port delivery
In this mode of delivery, your forwarder is responsible for the shipment of your cargo from the port of origin to the port of destination.
This implies that you are responsible for the good from the point of origin to the port of origin.
You are also responsible for your shipment from the port of destination to the final destination point.
· Door to door delivery
As discussed earlier, your forwarder is responsible for your cargo from your supplier to the port and finally to you.
This saves you resources as yours is to wait for your cargo.
· Port to door delivery
Here, you will deliver the cargo to the port of origin for loading.
Your forwarder will then pick the roles from there.
They will load, ship, clear with the customs and deliver the cargo to your premises.
It works best if you are a first time importer and you have confidence with your freight forwarder.
· Door to port delivery
You will let your forwarder collect the goods from your supplier, transport them to the port of origin.
They will load the cargo and ship to the port of destination.
They will contact you when the goods arrive at the port from which you will take over the responsibilities of shipping.
What you need to note here is that you will hand over the necessary documents to your forwarder.
These documents will include a shipper/importer declaration, the invoice and the packing list.
Your choice of a delivery method will depend on factors such as your loading preparedness and the cost involved.
Also, you will have to consider prior arrangements with your supplier.
With modern technology you’re able to track your cargo as it is being shipped.
5.5. RO-RO Shipping to Mexico
Roll on /roll off shipping is a type of shipping that is used to ship wheeled cargo.
This includes vehicles, trucks, buses, and tractors.
Vessels that offer these services are spacious to accommodate this kind of cargo.
They also have an inbuilt ramp that allows for loading and unloading of the cargo.
NYK Line Ro Ro Shipping
There are various types of Ro-Ro vessels including:
Pure Car Carrier (PCC) which are designed to ship purely large quantities of passenger vehicles.
We also have Pure Truck and Car Carrier (PCTC) that are designed to ship all types of wheeled vehicles.
Your cost will be calculated differently under this type of shipment.
It will be a product of the carrier’s width in terms of lanes, length in meters and number of decks.
Ro-Ro vessels come in the following variations
- RoPax which is designed to ship vehicles and passengers at a go.
- ConRo is designed to ship cargo and vehicles. The vehicles will stacked below the decks while the cargo will be stacked on top.
- Rolo refers to a hybrid vessel that has the Ro-Ro features and a crane which handles cargo loading.
5.7. Reefer Shipping to Mexico from China
What does it mean by reefer shipping services?
This is when you ship a refrigerated cargo from China to Mexico.
A refrigerated cargo is one that is perishable, easily, hence the need to be shipped in a given temperature.
These cargoes include fish, meat, fruits and milk.
It may also include medicines that require certain temperature.
MV Silica Frigo
You will ship this cargo via specially designed vessels known as reefer ships.
have been built to maintain the temperature of a cargo at a certain level.
This minimizes the chances of the cargo getting spoilt.
When you are planning to ship these goods, always ensure to pre cool them to the required temperature.
This is because the reefer ship is not meant to cool your cargo.
is instead meant to maintain the cargo at the pre cool temperature.
This pre cooling is done by having a steady power supply connected to the main power supply of the vessel.
Compressors fitted on the refrigerated system ensures the coolness of the container.
Water coolers in some vessels are used to maintain the temperature of the cargo.
This is where the cargo is stored inside the ship.
And before I forget:
In some countries like China cold treatment of your shipment is required.
This is also known as steri shipment.
It involves allowing minimal temperature tolerance.
What happens is that your cargo is pre cooled to a temperature lower than the commercial market.
Steri probes are then injected at the pulp of the fruit before shipment occurs.